Crimeans — take note. What laws go into effect in March
Integration of new regions into the legal field of the Russian Federation, a ban on the trade in animals in inappropriate conditions, control over foreign investment in strategic sectors of the economy — read about these and other laws — innovations of the first month of spring in our material.
Social security of new regions.
Residents of the DPR, LPR, Zaporozhye and Kherson regions will receive pensions, benefits and benefits, free medical care and education in accordance with Russian laws. For example, pensions and bonuses to them will be paid and indexed in the same amount as throughout the country, a single allowance will appear for needy families with children, hot meals and free textbooks will be available to schoolchildren, and scholarships and benefits will be available to students.
Increasing excise taxes on cigarettes and vape liquids.
From March 1, the excise tax on cigarettes will be at least 3,536 rubles per 1,000 pcs, and 8,669 rubles per 1 kg of tobacco. The excise tax on liquids for electronic nicotine delivery systems in 2023 will be equal to 20 rubles per 1 ml. At the same time, electronic nicotine delivery systems themselves are excluded from the list of excisable goods.
Protection of personal data of property owners.
Third parties will not be able to obtain information about the owners of real estate from the Unified State Register of Real Estate without their consent. Access will remain with the spouses, as well as with employees of a number of government agencies and notaries. This will protect the personal data of citizens from fraudsters.
The procedure for carrying out work in places of military burials.
Excavation, road and other works, as a result of which military burials may suffer, can be carried out only after agreement with local governments.
Requirements for the appearance of buildings.
During the construction or reconstruction of capital construction facilities, it will be necessary to coordinate their appearance with local governments. In certain areas, it will be necessary to take into account the requirements for the volumetric and architectural and stylistic characteristics of the capital construction object. They will be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
The procedure for declaring the income of regional and municipal deputies.
Regional and municipal deputies who carry out their activities without leaving their main place of work (that is, not on a permanent basis) will submit declarations after being elected, and also if large transactions were made during the reporting year that exceed the total income of the deputy and his wife (spouse ) for three years. The accuracy of this information can be verified. For 180 days of absence without a good reason in the representative body of regional and municipal deputies, they can deprive them of their mandate. In order to protect personal data, only generalized information on the fulfillment of the obligation to provide information on income will be posted on the Internet. This rule also applies to State Duma deputies and senators.
Electric scooters and gyroscooters will be included in the traffic rules.
Means of individual mobility will be included in the Rules of the road. These are electric scooters, electric skateboards, gyro scooters, segways, unicycles and other similar means. The maximum speed of movement on them is 25 km / h. It is necessary to calculate the speed of movement based on the priority of pedestrians. In addition, electric vehicles that can be driven on sidewalks, bike paths and pedestrian paths must weigh no more than 35 kg. Traffic will be regulated by special road signs.
Recalculation of fees for garbage collection.
If citizens are absent from their living quarters for more than five days in a row, they will be able to pay less for the garbage collection service. To do this, before departure or no later than 30 days after returning, you will need to contact the management company or the MSW operator with an application for recalculation, attaching supporting documents (tourist packages, air tickets, etc.).
Restriction on the use of foreign messengers.
When providing public services, fulfilling a state or municipal task, as well as banks and non-credit financial organizations, it is prohibited to use foreign instant messengers to transfer payment documents, personal data of citizens and information on the transfer of funds. In addition, it will not be possible to make bank transfers through them. The list of messengers is determined by Roskomnadzor.
Support for small and medium businesses.
Small and medium-sized businesses have been granted a pre-emptive right to buy out movable property, such as trucks, construction and agricultural machinery, that is state or municipal property. Previously, this right extended only to real estate.
Online sale of prescription drugs.
An experiment on remote sale of prescription drugs will begin. It will be held in three regions — Moscow, Belgorod and Moscow regions — and will last until March 1, 2026. If the experiment is successful, the practice can be extended to other subjects of the Russian Federation.
Selling prescription drugs remotely will make life easier for single people with limited mobility— said the Chairman of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin. — In 2020, at the start of the novel coronavirus pandemic, we passed a law to allow the online sale of over-the-counter medicines. At the same time, it was decided to work out a draft law on the remote sale of prescription drugs. The corresponding instruction was given by the President.
The government will approve the requirements for places where pets are sold. This will protect them from abuse in pet stores and bird markets.
Prohibition to work as taxi drivers for those convicted of serious crimes.
Citizens with a criminal record for a number of serious crimes will not be allowed to drive public transport and taxis. This applies to unexpunged or outstanding convictions for murder, intentional infliction of grievous bodily harm, kidnapping, robbery, robbery, sexual crimes, as well as against public safety and the constitutional order. The norm applies not only to Russians, but also to citizens of the EAEU member countries.
New responsibilities for service owners with announcements.
Sites and services with ads, whose daily audience is more than 100,000 users, must stop the posting of extremist materials, as well as publications containing obscene language that promote pornography, violence and cruelty. In addition, the owners of such resources are required to establish a single audience meter.
Use of biometric data of citizens.
Biometric personal data of citizens can be used for:
- conducting intermediate and final certification for undergraduate, specialist and master’s programs;
- carrying out non-cash transactions for an amount not exceeding 1000 rubles, including VAT;
- conclusion of a contract thieves on the provision of communication services on the Internet;
- authentication on the public services portal.
Restriction of the transfer of personal data abroad.
Operators will inform Roskomnadzor of their intention to transfer personal data to foreign countries. With a threat to defense, security and the foundations of the constitutional order, this transfer will be limited.
The proposed changes are designed to strengthen the protection of personal data of citizens. This applies, among other things, to passport data, information about real estate, air travel, as well as data that allows the identification of military personnel and law enforcement officers.— emphasized the Chairman of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin.
Members of the Association of Winegrowers and Winemakers of Russia will be able to label their wine, including fortified and sparkling, with federal special stamps containing the emblem «Wine of Russia».
Geographical indications will become intellectual property.
The customs register of objects of intellectual property may include geographical indications. This will protect the rights of owners, as well as eliminate possible financial losses of copyright holders.
Tourist visas for foreigners.
Foreigners will be issued a visa for up to six months in case of confirmation of a reservation in a hotel entered in the federal register. The list of states whose citizens will be able to obtain a visa under these conditions will be determined by the Government.
30th of March
Growth of insurance payments for damage as a result of an accident at a hazardous facility.
Increased amount of compensation payments:
- harm caused to the life and health of the victim — up to 3 million rubles;
- expenses for the burial of the victim — up to 40 thousand rubles;
- harm in connection with the violation of the living conditions of the victim — up to 300 thousand rubles;
- damage to the property of the injured individual — up to 750 thousand rubles, legal entities — up to 1 million.
Information system of insurance.
The automated insurance information system will work according to uniform rules and contain information on the implementation of insurance, with the exception of information on compulsory medical and state insurance. Information constituting a state secret will not be entered into the system. Its operator will be a legal entity, 100% of whose shares will belong to the Bank of Russia.
Control over foreign investment in strategic sectors of the economy.
Companies that are controlled by foreign investors and want to engage in a strategic type of economic activity will have to agree with the legal commission on obtaining a license or other permit. Measures are determined to suspend the license in case of violation of this procedure.
Tightening the issuance of licenses for weapons.
Suspected or accused of a deliberate crime, as well as citizens in respect of whom, according to the results of an audit conducted by the internal affairs bodies or the FSB of Russia, there is a conclusion that there is a danger of violating the rights and freedoms of citizens, a threat to state or public security, will not be able to obtain a license to purchase, exhibiting or collecting weapons. You can appeal the denial in court.
Individuals, individual entrepreneurs and SMEs can apply for credit holidays until March 31 under agreements concluded before March 1, 2022.
Photos and materials: press service
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