Folk omens of May. It is noteworthy that in our enlightened age, people are increasingly turning to folk wisdom, signs, and planning for help Everyday life. Tested by many centuries and generations, predictions certainly carry a huge layer of knowledge based on careful observations of the world around us. With this article, we open a series of publications about the storehouse of folk wisdom — signs and superstitions. For convenience in finding the material you need, use the Table of Contents.
May 1 — Today Kuzma is a gardener, Walpurgis Night
On May 1, Kozma prayed for a rich harvest. They say that if this day was warm, the second half of May was cold: “To plow on Kuzma in a shirt — to sow in a fur coat.” And the first May thunderstorm, according to legend, brought prosperity. Therefore, when they heard thunder peals, the youth hurried out into the street to catch their luck, and the old people, no longer chasing happiness, only crossed themselves and said: “Send, Lord, still water and warm dew.”
May 1: signs of the day
The cuckoo cuckoos — warm days are coming. If the day is hot, then the second half of the month will be cold. If May 1 is cool, then the last spring month promises to be warm and cozy.
Bloomed mountain ash — the heat will be persistent. Leaves appeared on the bird cherry — it’s time to plant potatoes.
Rain — for a good harvest of rye.
Dreams with 21 April on May 1 bring prosperity. Will be fulfilled for those who were born on this day. A dream seen on the afternoon of May 1 predicts events in the near future.
May 2 — Day of Ivan the Ancient Cave
It was a common tradition to bake pies with fillings on May 2 — this promised a rich harvest. Peasants often took canvases into the field on that day, bowed to all parts of the world , and then, turning to the East, they said: “Here you are, Mother Spring, a new novelty.” Then they spread the canvas on the meadow, laid out the baked pie on it, after which they returned home. It was believed that Spring would dress in new clothes, enjoy treats, and this would make it possible to get a wonderful harvest of hemp and flax.
May 2: signs and beliefs
- If it rains, then June will be warm and sunny.
Warm weather this the day promises a cold snap at the end of the month.
The birch blossomed before the maple — by a dry summer.
Wild ducks build nests near water — summer can be dry.
If swallows, cranes and larks have arrived by this day, then a cold snap is not expected.
A dream from May 1 to May 2 can be fulfilled within 7- days.
May 3 — Hail of the Ancestors
On May 3, dead relatives are often called. Folk signs of May believe that in order not to upset loved ones, even the most petty quarrels should not be started, it is necessary to show the deceased that only peace and harmony are present in the family so that their souls are calm. No one had fun on this day, did not arrange parties, because those who are negligent in the commemoration of the dead will soon face a black streak, from which it will be very difficult to get out.
Folk omens on March 3:
Theodore’s Day, Fedor Nevodnik Vlasyanichnik
- Lightning flashed after rain without thunder — to clear weather
The appearance of a double or a triple rainbow indicates an improvement in the weather that day, but promises heavy rains soon
If the nightingale sang on bare trees, then crop failure on fruit trees
Daisy flowers leaned low, almost to the earth itself — to the imminent bad weather
Primrose yellow flowers appeared — to imminent warmth The layer is dry — there will be no harvest
A lot of spruce cones — uro bread it’s going well, they’ll know about the rye harvest by the pine
What will start to grow next: grass or rye — then the harvest is rich and will bring
They usually didn’t plan any important things, didn’t arrange christenings and weddings
In the old days, May 3 had a certain meaning for fishermen, since on this day it was strictly forbidden cast nets and catch fish that are currently spawning.
May 4 — Proklov day. Evil is waking up
In order to appease the forest spirits, at the beginning of spring it was customary to go to the forest and leave a basket of treats in the clearing. On Proklov’s day in Russia, people tried to resist evil spirits and sent curses to her, intending to drive her back into the forest holes. In the old days, people also believed that on the night of May 4, witches turn grass into poison, so they tried to expel evil spirits from gardens and fields so that livestock would not suffer.
May 4: signs and beliefs
- Bird cherry bloomed early — for a warm and fine summer. The sooner the tree blooms, the hotter the summer will be.
, then the wheat will be born well.
It is raining from high clouds — the earth will be well saturated with moisture .
Poplar fluff has appeared — it’s time to plant cucumbers.
The stars twinkle strongly, and in the morning the clouds appeared — at noon there will be a thunderstorm.
A lot of sorrel — the winter will be warm and snowy.
There is a lot of color on the bird cherry — for a wet summer.
- The birch was pubescent before the maple — by the dry summer. If the maple is downy before the birch, then it will often rain in summer. sang — to a crop failure.
The day is favorable for searching for missing people and things. Dreams from May 3 to 4 warn of something.
May 5th — Luke’s Day. Onion Day
In the old days, it was believed that onions fill the body with energy, give a person courage and strength. Therefore, it was often added to dishes by a warrior. Folk signs of May believe that the specific smell of onions drives away ailments, evil spirits and protects against them. During the epidemic, tight bundles of onions were hung in every house.
Folk signs for May 5
The moon rises early in the sky on the night of May 5 — there will be early frosts, and according to signs, it is best to sow early onion sets
With the waning moon with crops, it is better to wait
You should not go into the forest alone on this day, since the evil spirits on May 5 lead diabolical round dances and can take them away
If the cuckoo is a day Luke calls loudly and for a long time — the weather will be good in the coming days
Thunderstorm on this day — there will be a rich harvest Frosts are observed — more 27 morning frost fields will be damaged.
May 6 — St. George’s Day, Egory Veshny
In ancient times, peasants began to make trade transactions and, according to the old custom, were hired as workers “from spring Yuri to Semyon day or Pokrov «. Why, you ask, did you choose this particular time period? But the fact is that there was a legend among the people that there are people in Lukomorye who die on December 9, and come to life on May 6. Before they die, they take their goods to a certain place, where in winter the neighbors could take them for a certain price and without any deceit.
Signs and superstitions on the 6th of May:
Birds build their nests on the sunny side — by the cold summer A healthy person has an unreasonably depressed mood — to rain
clouds appeared in the sky, shaped like lenses or elongated lentil seeds — in 1–1.5 hours a thunderstorm will begin If today it is frosty, and it will happen again in a week, it means that autumn will be warm
It started to rain — it will be an easy year for livestock
- Snow — wait for a good harvest of buckwheat
The cuckoo cuckooed until May 6 — to crop failure and loss of livestock
- Today’s dew promised a good harvest of millet
A clear morning indicates early sowing , clear evening — about the late
The birch leaf has half blossomed — wait for the grain harvest for the Dormition
If the snow has not yet left the fields, there will be a crop failure
The frost that day guaranteed a rich harvest of oats, millet and buckwheat
Yegoriy is warm — from day to day, wait for summer You can’t knit anything on Egory’s day and even just hold wool products in your hands
You can’t scream and swear on this day — it can kill you with a thunderstorm.
May 7 — Evseev’s day, Evsei. Stratilate
We observed nature and analyzed various phenomena. And a lot of interesting things happened around, because it was during this period that maples, poplars, birches bloomed. The ancient Slavs glorified the Mother of all gods — Maya Goldilocks. In her honor, a sacred fire was lit, symbolizing the departure of winter, the return of summer days and the rotation of the Solstice. Folk signs of May say that rites of «plowing» were carried out, which contributed to health and attracted good luck.
May 7: signs and beliefs
- Kol the birch has blossomed or winged ants appeared, then it’s time to sow oats.
If fluff flies from the vine and willow , then it’s time to sow late oats.
A lot of mosquitoes on this day is a good sign. The harvest of oats will be rich.
If the dawn is yellow in the evening, then do not expect rain.
Black or white corollas around the stars — to the rain.
The rays of the sun are darkening — to a thunderstorm. Low clouds hung over the horizon, the edges of which have a clear outline — to a strong thunderstorm and gusty wind.
A strong ovary of nuts, large buds on aspen, a crop of morels — to the harvest of millet.
Dreams from 6 to 7 May will not come true soon. You can’t tell anyone about them.
May 8 — Mark’s day. Watching birds
To bring peace and success to the house, women on this day make a special decoction of nettles. With this decoction, you need to wash the floors and windows, doors and all wooden surfaces in the house. Nettle cleanses the home of negative energy, drives away any evil and brings success and prosperity.
As for the weather signs for this day on May 8:
- The cuckoo calls on this day — there will be no more frosts.
Good weather and sun? To a plentiful harvest of spring crops.
A warm evening and a starry sky — to a plentiful harvest.
Clear weather — the summer will be hot.
High rainbow in the sky? For warm and clear weather. A low rainbow is a bad sign, portending great misfortune.
Three heavy rains in May — bread a lot will be born.
Birds appeared in the garden and garden — to a good harvest on trees and beds .
Cold and frequent rains — don’t expect honey.
The birds sang on May 8 during the rain — soon the end of bad weather.
The greener the rainbow, the stronger the precipitation will be
- Cumulus clouds in the morning, and stratus clouds are visible in the evening — a thunderstorm will begin soon.
Birds fly to the hemp plant — there will be a rich hemp harvest.
May 9 — Day of the Glafira-pea, Stepan the equal-plowed man
When peas were planted on May 9, they tried to do everything to protect them from morning frosts, which are still continued. Folk signs of May suggest that one means was used for this — chopped peat. As soon as shoots appeared on the bed, a thick layer of peat crumbs was immediately sprinkled. Under it, the peas continued to grow and unfold their leaves, but at the same time they did not experience the cold. And only later, when the seedlings were definitely getting stronger, the morning frosts no longer harmed them.
As for the weather signs on May 9, then:
- Day clear, and there is a lot of dew — to a rich harvest of cucumbers.
croaking — to the rain. If he “speaks” often and loudly — to good weather.
Fresh morning wind in the course of the day intensifies, and by the evening, on the contrary, it weakens — the weather will be clear and stable.
Do the clouds not see the tops? In the next half hour, a strong thunderstorm will surely begin.
The frost on this day promises repeated frosts in a week .
May — Semyon-Ranopashets. Beware of evil spirits
It was believed that May all kinds of creatures shake off their sleep, get out into the light of day, reach for a person’s dwelling, for a barn. Therefore, the peasants returned from the fields “heels back”, that is, they backed away so that they would not bring evil spirits with them. According to popular belief, unclean forces took on the form of a bird, then an animal, and sometimes even a human. And pitiful at the feet of people appeared. “If you warm the bird, it will be too late,” our ancestors said about this. A warmed and well-fed evil spirit could mock a person.
Weather signs May are:
- Thunder rumbled d about May, the larks began to sing, the forest was dressed in foliage, and the frogs began to croak in the swamps? It’s time to plow the field and the harvest will be rich.
Do clouds run quickly across the sky? To prolonged bad weather.
Heavy rain May? To a good harvest of rye.
The birch leaves are fully unfolded — it’s time to plant potatoes. Is the grass dry in the morning? In the evening it is necessary to wait for rain.
- If in the evening May fog appeared in the lowlands, then the bad weather will end, and warming will come.
- It is clear in the morning, but at noon cumulus clouds appeared in the sky and disappeared by evening? Frosts are possible in the near future.
May is Jason’s Day. Maksimov day
In Russia, this day was dedicated to the wonderful gift of nature — birch sap. Folk signs of May believe that this he, on this day, was considered magical, imbued with great power to restore and heal the human body. Also very often May prepared drugs from the leaves of plantain, coltsfoot and nettle. This was most often done by healers who stocked up drugs for the coming months, and then used them to treat the sick.
Weather signs May are:
Clear sunrise, not a cloud in the sky? Summer will be sunny.
On the night of Is May night warm and starry? To a plentiful harvest.
The south wind is blowing — there will be many thunderstorms in summer.
Was there a downpour and the temperature dropped before it ended? In the coming days, the weather will improve.
Dandelions have just bloomed — the summer will be dry. The stars twinkle strongly at dawn — soon it will rain.
Butterflies hid in sheds and houses — it will be windy and cold.
May — Day of the Nine Martyrs. Day of Healers and Healings
It was said that today all conspiracies work most effectively. In particular, they treated people affected by fevers. According to popular beliefs, nine martyrs help with bodily diseases and epidemics. Therefore, their day itself was considered the day of healers. May was supposed to pronounce a special conspiracy from nine misfortunes. There was also such a custom: it was necessary to go out on the road at noon and turn your face to the warm wind. After that, health should have been added for a whole year.
As for weather signs May :
Spring is characterized by unstable weather and a constant change in temperature, which increases the incidence of colds, as well as an increased risk of catching spring fever. Folk signs of May believe that for prevention, the ancestors prayed to the martyrs from Cyzicus. This is due to the fact that at the place of their burial there were many cases of unusual healings that defy explanation.
It was believed that if you exit at hours of the day outside and stand against the wind, letting it blow in your face, you can stock up on health for a whole year.
The sunrise is bright and clear — the summer will be warm.
Starry sky at night May — to a rich harvest .
The ants are moving to a dry place today — it will rain soon.
A lot of May beetles — wait for the drought.
Oriole’s cry resembles a cat’s cry — soon it will rain.
The birch spread its leaves before the alder — there will be drought in summer, and vice versa.
Lightning before the rain May — precipitation will go on for a long time.
May — Day of Jacob the Warm
In Russia, the ancestors believed that on the Day of Jacob the Warm, fever begins to progress. In order not to get sick, people in May they were doused with warm water, which had been harvested since March. It is also interesting that wanderers washed themselves with this water so that they would not encounter troubles during their further journey.
Folk signs for today May:
A lot of sap flows from a birch — in summer we will have a lot of rain.
- At night May there are a lot of stars, and a warm wind blows from the south? Summer will be productive and very warm.
There is no wind at night, and there are many stars in the sky — Expect drought during the summer.
Clear sunrise May — a fruitful summer.
Sun closed in the East by clouds — it will be rainy haymaking.
Warm and rainy weather — to a good harvest bread.
The south wind blows — to a fertile and warm summer.
A quiet and warm wind promises a fertile summer.
No Stars 01 May — to the rain.
There are clouds, the sky is frowning, but the dandelions have remained open? It will not rain.
May — Day of Yeremey the harness
Usually May gooseberries bloomed, swifts flew in, which were met with special joy and treated to bread crumbs, hemp seeds. Of course, all these names were not accidental: indeed, a large number of sowing works were carried out on Yeremey, the weather was warm, and they said that summer was already very close. They remembered spring and met it, calling this day a summer. They said that May even the laziest plow goes into the field.
Concerning weather signs May:
- Cloudy weather on this day — winter will come early and will be very frosty.
Clear weather — to a good harvest.
Mosquitoes appeared on Yeremey — it’s time to go into the field and sow rye. There is bad weather — to a harsh winter.
Evening dew — to a clear day.
Folk signs of May believe that, according to accepted customs, the most difficult and exhausting work began right now, which was very important for farmers. It is not surprising that during this period the people especially asked for God’s help and protection from negative natural phenomena that could prevent them from getting a rich harvest.
May — Nightingale holiday
The people believed that the nightingales now begin their songs, and the one who whoever hears a bird’s trill in the morning will be happy for a whole year. Also to Ash and pansies bloomed in May. On this day, cucumbers and pumpkins were sown. In order for the vegetables to bear fruit, a finger was buried in the ground before sowing. They also prayed, but in the process of landing, on the contrary, they were silent.
As for weather signs May, then:
Does the Nightingale sing loudly all day? Seeing off the spring, and it’s time to meet the summer.
Clear sunset on the day of Boris and Gleb — summer will also be clear and without precipitation.
Warm day — there will be dark bread.
The Nightingale always stops singing before bad weather. Warm day 10 May — to a poor harvest of bread.
If the bird cherry blossomed and the nightingales sang, then we can expect a two-week cold snap.
The bird sings on bare trees — a sign that there will be a crop failure in the garden. The water has subsided, and nightingale trills are heard — it’s time to start sowing.
05 May — Day of the Martyrs s Moors. Nursery, thrush
This period of May is famous for the flowering of bird cherry. They said that «cherry cold» is coming. And they collected nettles. It was believed that she now has healing powers. Shchi was cooked from it, various dishes and potions were prepared. Folk signs of May believe that they also whipped each other with nettles in order to be protected from diseases all year round.
As for weather signs May :
Did the oak spread its leaves before the ash tree? To the dry summer.
The nightingales sang until May? Soon everything around will bloom.
Big dew — to a good harvest of cucumbers.
Bird cherry blossoms, and warm weather has settled — at the time of sowing it will also be warm.
The earlier the bird cherry blossoms, the warmer or hotter the summer will be, and the autumn will also be warm.
Lush blossoms on bird cherry — the summer will be rainy.
Do geese and ducks raise their wings and wave them? Wait for the storm.
May — Baklushnikov Day. We fence the garden
On this day they conducted the rite of fencing the garden from the «envious forces» . Before planting seedlings of cucumbers and cabbage on the beds, measures were taken to ensure the magical protection of plants from the evil, envious eye. For this, they used old worn shoes. According to legend, it is the most reliable amulet for plants and living beings. Such a legend, as well as the customs and rituals associated with it, were popular not only in Russia, but also in many European countries, and also in India. This is explained by the convergence of old shoes with the world of deceased ancestors — the patrons of the hearth, family, clan.
As for weather signs May:
- There are a lot of May beetles — to drought.
- Viburnum has bloomed — you can sow cucumbers, pumpkins, beans, corn on the beds.
No dew in the morning May — the weather will change. Earrings appeared on flowering maples — you can plant beets.
Does the cuckoo crow? The weather will be good.
Frequent and heavy rain — to a rich harvest.
If sparrows rush across the sky in flocks and do not find a place for themselves — to the wind.
Pale sun — bad weather will last a long time.
Thorns are blooming — the second half of May will be cold.
13 May — Day of Arina the nursery. Arina Kapustnitsa
By tradition, on this day, the peasants prayed to Saint Irina about to look after the seedlings. It was believed that it was this saint who protects young seedlings from disease and rot. To please this saint, loaves were brought to the church with a special decoration in the form of the Latin letter “I” on the crust. On this day, they noticed whether the season would be successful in terms of fishing. Folk signs of May believe that if by this day the rivers returned to the banks, then wait for successful fishing in the summer, and if not yet, then the summer will be rainy, and the rivers will often overflow the banks.
As for the signs on 10 May, then:
On Arina Kapustnitsa, the peasants were engaged in burning old dry grass. This helped to get rid of weeds before planting later horticultural crops. It was also believed that the ashes from scorched grass served as a kind of protection against fungal diseases. However, sometimes, with the wrong approach, burning caused harm — fires.
The birds stopped chirping — to thunderstorms and rain.
Seedlings absorb a lot of water — to dry mowing. If, on the contrary, the soil does not absorb water, then there will be a lot of rain in the summer.
Bad weather on this day — to the harvest of bread.
Goose 01 May preen in a dry place — to the cold. If he cleans his feathers in the water, it will be warm.
Does it rain intermittently? To the deterioration of the weather.
Large clouds are moving from South to North — it will rain soon .
Does the cat eat grass? It will rain soon.
05 May — Day of Job the pea. The dew is blooming
of May, from the very morning, adults and children walked barefoot in the dew. It was believed that on this day she had miraculous powers. The kids were even allowed to tumble in the grass. So they will “take in” more health and strength. Dew was considered very useful for garden plants. On this occasion, they said: «Job dismissed the dew.» Healers also collected dew. They soaked it with a towel, squeezed it into a vessel and stored it. Then, during the year, they resorted to healing moisture in the manufacture of medicines for patients.
Weather signs on 15 May are:
The night is warm on Job — there will be a lot of cucumbers, but if it is cold — to a crop failure.
Big dew and clear weather 12 May — cucumbers will be born.
No dew in the morning? To a change in the weather.
Earrings are visible on the maples — you can sow beets.
If the juice drips from a broken branch — to clear weather. Wasps have chosen open places for building nests — the summer will be damp.
Fog at dawn — no precipitation.
Engaged in Job and sowing work. They did this after sunset so that the birds would not see and peck at the seeds. Folk signs of May believe that the process was accompanied by conspiracies for a bountiful harvest, protection from evil spirits and a bad eye. According to popular belief, it was better for women to do all garden work on this day — then there will be more harvest.
11 May — Bathing suit and the day of Ivan Brazhnik
There was a custom: in the early morning 10 May they put buckets of well water in the sun, and poured it over during the day. That is why the day was also called Kupalnitsa.
Continued 01 May sowing work. Pay attention to the «origin» of seedlings and seeds. It was said that stolen and foreign (imported) seeds would yield better. Therefore, the hosts that day went to visit each other and slowly tried to take some seeds. Since everyone did this, no one was at a loss.
01 May — as for signs, then :
- Rainy day — September will be warm.
Good weather 10 May — you need to go to sowing work in order to reap a rich harvest.
- At the month, the horns look down — to warm weather.
Is the moon red? It will rain soon.
At sunset 10 in May, the sun is colored red, and its dimensions are larger than usual — the weather will deteriorate soon.
- Multi-colored rays at sunrise — the weather will change for the worse.
There is a lot of nectar and bees on the acacia in the morning — it will rain in the afternoon, and a thunderstorm may begin in the near future.
There is a warning that it is important not to waste your strength and health in the Bathhouse. Folk signs of May believe that early in the morning it is customary to go to the river, collect full buckets of water, leave them in the sun, and when the water warms up, pour it over.
11 May — Day of Ivan the Theologian. We sow wheat
According to the old Slavic traditions, treats were brought to the wheat field in the form of a baked loaf of wheat flour. They asked the field to try and give as much grain as possible, so that both prosperity and taxes were paid. It was not customary to give this loaf, but handed it after the ceremony to the first beggar met on the way.
10 in May, they noticed that if a lot of birds arrive for sowing, then this is a bad sign. It was believed that all the wheat would go to pay taxes. If the lark soars high in the sky and sings its songs, then the harvest will be generous, and the summer will be plentiful in both heat and rain.
As for weather signs:
- Nice and clear day — there will be few mushrooms. And, on the contrary, rain during the day — to a good «harvest» of mushrooms.
Bird cherry blooms profusely — there will be a wet summer.
The moon is covered with haze — the weather will worsen soon.
Have the oak leaves blossomed? You can sow heat-loving crops, since the soil is already warming up well.
The sky turned red in the evening ? The weather will be fine in the coming days. If the sky is red in the morning — to rain.
Clouds 11 may float upwards — there will be a clear day, and vice versa.
Clouds in one bunch stray — to bad weather.
Wealthy hosts baked the so-called votive pies on this day and treated them to poor neighbors, as well as travelers and beggars. The old people went out onto the road especially for this and prayed to God to send them a kind person with whom they could share a piece of bread. Folk signs of May believe that if some poor man or other wanderer passed along the road at that time, this was considered a good sign and foreshadowed a rich harvest in the future.
12 May — Day of Nikola Veshny, Warm
It was customary to present to Nikolai Eggs pleaser, painted red, yellow, greenish, or scrambled eggs. In order to avoid drought and hail in the summer, it was customary for the Eastern and Southern Slavs to arrange religious processions in the fields and prayers at the wells, accompanied by petitions for rain, on St. Nicholas Day. It was customary for horsemen and livestock owners in general to perform various protective rituals on Nikolin’s day to protect animals from predators and other troubles.
The signs for the day are as follows :
- Is the morning foggy and humid? In order to add health and not get sick for a whole year, you need to wash yourself with fresh dew.
Frogs croak loudly on Nikola — to a good harvest of oats.
Alder blossomed — buckwheat needs to be sown 12 May.
It rains all day — to a cold and rainy summer .
According to folk signs on 12 May needed exactly on this day, plant potatoes so that they grow large and tasty.
Folk signs say that if alder blossomed on Nikola Veshny, then buckwheat can be sown. And if you can clearly hear the frogs croaking in the swamps, then oats will be born.
12 May is the Day of Simon the Zealot. Treasure hunt day
It was believed that work in this day of big sin. Healers and sorceresses at this time collect medicinal herbs in the forest in order to prepare useful potions from them. It is believed that it is today that herbs receive magical powers. Usually medicinal herbs 14 May was collected alone. Plants were found, and then, before picking it, they uttered special conspiracies on their knees. And during the entire collection of herbs, they always read «Our Father» and «Theotokos».
It’s raining — to a rainy summer.
Birch catkins burst — it’s time to sow bread.
In the morning the bees fly fast — the day will be sunny.
The wind blows during the rain I — to good weather.
By evening, cumulus clouds do not disappear — to improve the weather.
The mole scatters the earth around the hole — it will rain.
Before dawn, bird songs are heard — by the rain.
Simon the Zealot was considered the patron saint of the people herbs and believed that it was by his will that various types of herbs grow on Earth. They also prayed to him 14 May about the search for treasures. Folk signs of May believe that to conjure treasures so that they do not go to a stranger, they could, with the help of special conspiracies, on the contrary, bequeath the treasure to a specific person, leaving him instructions on where to look for buried treasures.