The State Duma adopted a law on the development of tourism in nature reserves and national parks
The document introduces the main criteria, including the preservation of unique natural complexes, objects of flora and fauna, compliance with the maximum allowable recreational load, the creation of specially equipped tourist sites and routes, the preservation of cultural heritage sites, as well as ensuring the safety of tourism.
It is prohibited to change the area, location and boundaries of the protected and specially protected zones and the zone of traditional extensive nature management.
In addition, the construction of residential buildings is prohibited. It is allowed to create facilities for temporary accommodation, cultural and environmental education, public catering and consumer services, personal hygiene.
Mandatory coordination of the plan of recreational activities of the national park with the head of the region is provided, which is important for taking into account the development of tourism on the territory of each subject— Dmitry Kobylkin, chairman of the Committee on Ecology, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, explained earlier.
To attract investment, it is planned to conclude agreements, the parties to which are the federal executive body and the winner of the auction. They prescribe key points: taking measures to prevent harm to the environment, compliance with the established maximum allowable recreational capacity, and others. The agreement is terminated, including due to violation of its terms.
The law will come into force on September 1, 2023. Until this moment, it is prohibited to lease land plots within the boundaries of protected areas of federal significance, with the exception of settlements located within the boundaries of national parks.
Of course, the main thing in the development of tourism in protected areas is to preserve and protect our unique corners of nature. This is the task set by the President of Russia Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin when approving the national development goals. The pandemic in 2020 increased the urgency of the issue: the number of visitors to protected areas during this time increased by 6 million, last year their total number reached 14 million— Dmitry Kobylkin emphasized.
Photo and materials: duma.gov.ru.
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