130 exhibits will be presented at the World of Russian Culture exhibition in Yalta
As part of the Year of the Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of Russia 11 on February, the Yalta Historical and Literary Museum will open the exhibition «The World of Russian Culture», which will tell visitors about the culture of one of the largest in the world and the most numerous ethnic group of the Russian Federation — Russians.
Interesting exhibits will be presented from the collection of the Crimean Ethnographic Museum, which characterizes the cultural and everyday features of the Russian people. In total, about items will be presented for display at the exhibition. One of the most significant elements of the culture of any ethnic group is the folk costume. Traditional clothing serves as a reflection of the characteristics of the material and spiritual culture of the people, the national specifics of their way of life. The exhibition will feature ten sarafan and pony costumes, reflecting the peculiarities and regional differences in the clothing of representatives of various Russian provinces (Voronezh, Ryazan, Tambov, Kaluga, Kursk, etc.). A mandatory addition to the costume complex was headwear and shoes, which are distinguished by a great variety and manufacturing techniques , the press service of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea reported.
Folk ideas about beauty were also reflected in the decoration of artistic textiles. The house was decorated with various kinds of products: woven runners, napkins, towels, for the manufacture of which various techniques were used: embroidery, dyeing, appliqué, hemstitching. Such products retain their importance in home decoration even in the second half of the 20th century.
The process of producing clothes and artistic textiles was quite laborious, and, most often, took place at home, which necessitated the presence of special tools and equipment in the house — spinning wheels, spindles, hoops, etc. The ironing of the finished product was carried out with the help of wooden rubels and rocking chairs, which existed in the peasant environment until the 1950s
A variety of household items were made mainly from metal, ceramics and wood. The beginning of the production of new cutlery (tea cups, spoons, rinse bowl, tray) was laid by the especially popular in the 19th century. culture of tea drinking behind a samovar. Visitors to the exhibition will be able to see items that characterize the features of the Russian tea ceremony.
An important role in folk life and in the festive and ritual culture is played by folk musical instruments, reflecting the richness of the Russian soul and its bright creative disposition. At the exhibition you can see the musical symbol of the Russian people — the balalaika, as well as the most common Russian folk musical instrument — the harmonica.
The exhibition will run until 27 March 2022 year.
Source: press service of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea