In the Alupka Museum of Amet-Khan Sultan — the exhibition «Night Swallows»
In memory of the exploits of Soviet female pilots during the Great Patriotic War, the Alupka Museum of the twice Hero of the Soviet Union Amet-Khan Sultan has an exhibition available for visiting «Night Swallows», dedicated to female pilots, Heroes of the Soviet Union.
The exposition is based on photographs of the war years, archival documents, women’s wardrobe items that tell about some of the most famous female pilots, their military successes, the history of the creation and combat path of women’s aviation regiments. With their courage and fearlessness, women were not inferior to men during military operations in the airspace. The girls fought only at night, because due to low speeds, during the day on their planes they were a good target for enemy fighters, and could not resist them. Using a planning technique, they moved over the enemy positions with the engine turned off. And only the rustling of the wind in the wings betrayed the movement of the aircraft in total darkness. Over the positions of the enemy, the girls dropped bombs and flew away just as silently. It seemed to the Germans that the bombs were falling from the dark night sky. Soon the Germans called them «night witches». Soviet pilots called them “combat swallows” or “night swallows” , the press service of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea notes.
The names of the fearless female pilots Marina Raskova, Valentina Grizodubova, Ekaterina Budanova, Olga Sanfirova and many others entered the history of Russian aviation forever. During the war years brave female aviators were awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Our duty is to remember their deeds and honor their names.
315609photo: press service of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea