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KFU expert on medicinal plant raw materials of the Crimea

CrimeaPRESS reports:

The industrial use of new, economically useful, wild-growing plants is impossible without their introduction into culture, this is especially true for new promising types of medicinal plant raw materials.

In Crimea, perennial species of sea katran or, as it is also called, “seaweed”, are of particular interest. This plant has phytoncidal properties, the seeds contain oil, the roots contain a lot of starch, sugars, and there is also a rich set of vitamins: ascorbic acid, thiamine, nicotinic acid, rutin, and mineral salts. A decoction of the roots in folk medicine is considered a tonic for children , — the press service of the university quotes Elena Semenova, professor of the Department of Pharmacy of the Institute of Biochemical Technologies, Ecology and Pharmacy of the Crimean Federal University.

The range of medicinal plants cultivated on the peninsula is quite wide. Scientists of the Crimean Federal University study the Crimean horseradish, lichens, food and medicinal types of orchids, vitamin and aromatic types of wild roses, varieties of non-menthol mint and other plants.

In the last thirty years, the cultivation of lichens has been actively studied. These plants have biological activity, in particular, antimicrobial against staphylococci, streptococci, tubercle bacillus. The plant also produces some well-known vitamins in small quantities, such as thiamine, nicotinic acid and vitamin B12. Therefore, raw materials and their enzymes are used as an appetite stimulant, enveloping, anti-inflammatory and homeopathic remedy. However, it should be noted that lichens are very slow growing organisms (1-8 mm per year) and in order to restore the raw material base in natural growing conditions, it takes from to 30 years, — notes Elena Semenova.

In addition, according to her, in the course of studying cultures and their cells, specialists are creating a genetic bank of rare and endangered medicinal plants of the Crimea. Ultimately, according to Elena Semenova, this will lead to the creation of a year-round, environmentally friendly and cheap raw material base as a source of biologically active substances (regardless of the season, climatic and weather conditions) and the opening of new pharmaceutical and biotechnological industries.

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