KFU will create 3D models of human organs to help traumatologists
At the Crimean Federal University, 3D models of human organs are being restored from computed tomography (CT) images. This helps traumatologists to study in detail the nature of the pathology, choose the optimal method of surgical intervention and select the size of metal structures as accurately as possible.
For the treatment of bone pathology, various metal structures are used, which are designed for average anatomical parameters and are not modeled individually for each pathology, which is a rather significant problem, since they must be selected and modeled directly during the operation. If the operation is not urgent, you can have time to prepare a 3D model, and with its help, select and try on suitable metal structures in advance , — the press service of the university quotes the head of the FabLab laboratory of the Crimean Federal University, Candidate of Medical Sciences Vladimir Ovcharenko.
According to him, traumatologists from the Simferopol hospital have already applied to the FabLab laboratory. They received a patient who, after an accident, was in intensive care for a long time. As a result, the pelvic fractures healed incorrectly, and now that the operation has become possible, doctors want to prepare as much as possible for it. Using special software, the laboratory specialists made a reconstruction of a 3D model of the pelvic bone from CT images and printed it out with dimensions exactly corresponding to the original.
Using this 3D model, it is possible to preoperatively determine the volume and stages of surgical treatment with accurate preliminary modeling of metal structures according to the individual anatomical features of the segment, which will significantly reduce the time of the operation. In turn, this will reduce the time the patient stays under anesthesia, reduce the amount of blood loss, and also reduce the risk of postoperative complications , stresses traumatologist Ibraim Abibullaev.
In the future, such models can serve as a dummy as an archive of severe or rare pathology and as a teaching aid for students and doctors.