The exhibition “Solkhat. From the pit to the city»
For the fifth anniversary of the Museum of History and Archeology of Stary Krym, which is part of the Crimean Tatar Museum of Cultural and Historical Heritage, the exhibition “Solkhat. From the pit to the city.
The exposition is based on materials of archeology of the 13th-15th centuries, revealed as a result of research on the medieval settlement of Solkhat by the joint Starokrymskaya archaeological expedition of the State Hermitage, the Museum of History and Archeology (Stary Krym) and the Department of History of the Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University named after. F. Yakubova.
The items presented in the exposition — fragments of ceramic vessels of local and imported production, metal products, individual samples of bone-cutting and stone-cutting crafts, gravestones, numismatics, supplemented with photo-illustrative material, reveal the stages of formation and development of the capital of the Golden Horde Crimea— said the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Crimea.
The exhibition also demonstrates the attributes of urban culture, the life of medieval residents, fragments of the architectural decoration of socially significant objects of the city of various faiths.
Solkhat is a city of Eastern Taurica, which arose at the foot of Mount Agarmysh in the east of the Outer Ridge of the Crimean Mountains. Its location on the border of landscape zones, between two trading posts (Kaffa and Soldaya), made it possible to control the exit of trade caravans from the Crimean foothills to the steppe. In its development, the city went through several stages in a relatively short period of time: from a postal station — pits, which later transformed into a village-type settlement, to a city with the formation of a local market, administration, the start of minting copper pools by the Kyrym Mint— recalled the history of the peninsula in the Republican Ministry of Culture.